By Nick Visser
If you’ve ever taken medication or received a surgical implant, thank a horseshoe crab. Although they look prehistoric, these sea creatures have become essential to modern medicine.
Every drug certified by the FDA — as well as every implant and prosthetic device — must be tested using an extract from the animal’s milky blue blood.
Horseshoe crabs have a primitive immune system, so they fight off infection with a compound in their blood called Limulus Amebocyte Lysate. LAL binds and clots around fungi, viruses and bacterial endotoxins, protecting the crabs from …read more
Source: Huffington Post Green